to John, past time to us, and possibly foreshadowing the present:
John greets the 7 Churches and reassures all that we are a nation of
kings and priests. Vision of Jesus who tells John to write what he sees.
|Letters to the Churches::
Messages from the Lord to seven churches in Asia Minor containing
praise mixed with censure. The letters deal with problems of Judaism
and persecution. He says he will deal with those "Jews who say they are
Jews and are not" and encourages them to overcome and be steadfast. He
says He will give "hidden manna" to those who overcome.
Vision and Liturgy
|The Throne Room:
24 elders with golden crowns sit the throne of God. 4 six-winged beasts
(one each like a lion, calf, eagle and one with the face of a man),
"full of eyes within," praise God with the Sanctus [Holy!
Holy! Holy!] all day and night.
|The Heavenly Liturgy:
God has a book with 7 Seals, but no one is found worthy to break them
until the Slain Lamb with 7 horns and seven eyes ("which are the 7
spirits of God") appears. He takes the book, and the 24 elders (each
with harps and offering incense which is the prayers of the saints) and
the 4 beasts praise Him. They praise him for having made them kings and
priests. A multitude of angels appear, praising the Lamb.
to John, past time to us, and possibly foreshadowing the present:
7 Seals and
|Six of the Seals Opened:
First Seal --> White Horse: conquering
Second Seal --> Red Horse:power to take peace from earth
Third Seal --> Black Horse: rider holds balance in hands
Fourth Seal --> Pale Horse: ridden by Death and Hell
Fifth Seal --> the souls of the martyrs under the altar, crying for
Sixth Seal --> earthquake, blackened sun, moon as blood, stars fall
4 angels holding back the 4 winds of the earth so
they will no longer blow. An angel from the east asks their mercy until
the servants of God are sealed in their foreheads. 12,000 from each of
the 12 Tribes of Israel are sealed. Then a great multitude of all kinds
of various people who came out of the great tribulation carry palms and
|Opening of the Seventh Seal:
7 angels are given trumpets. An angel with a
golden censer goes to the altar and offers the prayers of the saints.
That angel takes fire from the altar, fills the censer with it, and
throws it down to the earth bringing on earthquakes, thunder, and
First Trumpet --> hail and fire
Second Trumpet --> mountain of fire thrown to earth, a third of the
sea becomes blood
Third Trumpet --> the star named Wormwood poisons the waters
Fourth Trumpet --> 1/3 each of the sun, moon and stars are smitten
|Fifth and Sixth Trumpets:
Fifth Trumpet --> locusts from the bottomless pit to kill those
without God's seal (the king of these locusts is named "Abaddon" in
Hebrew, or "Apollyon" in Greek)
Sixth Trumpet --> 4 angels loosed from the River Euphrates to slay a
1/3 part of men
|The Angel of the Seven Thunders and the Little Book:
An angel clothed in cloud, adorned with a rainbow, cries out and seven
thunders are heard. John was going to write down what the thunders
said, but was told not to, but to seal them up. The angel swears that
"there should be time no longer." When the seventh angel sounds, the
"mystery of God will be finished." John takes a little book from the
angel who tells him to eat it, that it will be sweet in the mouth but
bitter in the belly.
|The Two Witnesses:
Two witnesses who are "the two olive trees and the two candlesticks
standing before God" will testify and will then be killed by the beast
from the bottomless pit; their dead bodies will lie in the streets of
Jerusalem for 3 1/2 days and people rejoice. These two witnesses will
rise from the dead and ascend into Heaven as their enemies watch.
Earthquakes happen, and the remnant gives glory to God.
The Seventh Trumpet:
The trumpet blows and voices praise God, saying that all the kingdoms
of the world are His and Christ's.
The Ark of the Covenant:
The Ark is seen. Thunder and lightning and earthquakes! And then John
The Cosmic Struggle Between Good and Evil
--- a woman [Mary the Mother of Israel/Church, and a type for
Israel/Church itself] "clothed with the sun, the moon under her feet,
and crowned with 12 stars, is close to having a child. A dragon appears
with 7 crowned heads and 10 horns, takes a 1/3 of the stars from the
sky and casts them to earth. The woman "brought forth a man child, who
was to rule all nations." [Christ] She flees to the wilderness for
1,260 days. St. Michael kicks the dragon out of the heavens, who
proceeds to persecute the woman. She is protected, though, "nourished
for a time, and times, and half a time," and the Serpent goes to
persecute the "remnant of her seed." [the People of God, Israel, the
Mystery Bablyon/the Mother of Harlots
|Attributes of the beast from the sea:
7 heads; 10 crowned horns; has power and authority given to him by the
dragon; is worshipped, blasphemous; deadly wound was healed. [Roman
Empire]. This is the beast the whore rides (Revelation 17:7).
Attributes of the beast from the earth:
Two-horned, speaks like a dragon; has the power of the first beast;
does wonders (mentions making fire come down from the heavens to the
earth in the sight of men); deceptive and tells people to worship the
beast; able to give life to the image of the beast; kills those who
don't worship the beast; causes people to receive a mark on their hand
or forehead without which they can't buy or sell; his number is 666.
[Nero and other Roman Emperors]
The remnant are seen on Mt. Zion with the Lamb and are redeemed. One
angel preaches. Then another announces Babylon is fallen. A third angel
warns those who worship the beast. A voice tells John to reassure those
who die in the Lord, that their works will follow them. One "like unto
the Son of man" reaps the earth with his sickle; what is reaped is put
into the "winepress of the wrath of God" which issues blood.
|Seven Angels with the Seven Vials:
He sees the remnant standing on a "sea of glass mingled with
fire" holding harps and singing. The "temple of the tabernacle of the
testimony" opens and the 7 angels come out. One of the 4 worshipping
beasts give them each a vial containing a plague.
|The Pouring of the Vials:
1st Vial --> sore upon men with the mark of the beast
2nd Vial --> sea becomes as blood
3rd Vial --> rivers become as blood
4th Vial --> power given to sun to scorch men
5th Vial --> opened onto the seat of the beast; his kingdom is
filled with darkness
6th Vial --> opened onto the Euphrates. Kings gathered at Armageddon.
7th Vial --> poured into the air. The great city divides into 3
parts, the cities of the nations fall.
|The Great Whore:
One of the angels who'd had the vials shows John the "great whore."
Attributes of the Whore: sits on many waters; arrayed in purple and
scarlet; bedecked in gold, stones and pearls; holds a cup of
abominations; "Mystery Babylon the Great, the Mother of Harlots and
Abominations of the Earth" is written on her forehead; drunk with the
blood of saints and martyrs.
The angel interpets:
The Seven Heads = seven mountains where the woman sits
10 horns = 10 kings who don't have kingdoms yet but get power "one hour
with the beast." The kings have 1 mind and make war with the Lamb, but
the Lamb overcomes. They will make the whore desolate.
The woman=the great city
|An angel implores:
An angel implores people to "come out of her" and talks about the
mourning for the city that has fallen
|Rejoicing in Heaven:
The people in Heaven rejoice and praise God. They say that the marriage
of the Lamb is come, "blessed are they which are called unto the
marriage supper of the Lamb." The Heavens open and John sees a white
horse ridden by one called "Faithful and True," who makes war in
righteousness. He had eyes like flame, many crowns, and a name noone
but He, Himself, knows, and is called "The Word of God." Out of his
mouth is a sharp sword with which He rules nations. On His vesture is
"King of Kings, Lord of Lords." Armies of those on white horses follow
him. John sees the beast and earthly kings gather to war with him, and
the beast and false prophet are thrown into a lake of fire.
to John, present and future time to us:
|The Binding and Loosing of Satan:
An angel binds Satan for "a thousand years." John sees the souls of the
martyrs reign with Christ for that millennium. Satan is then loosed
"for a little season" and goes to deceive the nations, Gog and Magog,
and they will do battle. Fire comes down from Heaven and devours them,
and the Devil is cast into the lake of fire.
John then sees the dead stand before God and the opening of the books,
including the Book of Life. All are judged according to their works.
|The New Jerusalem:
John sees the holy city come from Heaven, dressed as a bride. He hears
a voice saying that the tabernacle of God is with men, God will wipe
away all tears. God says He makes all things new and that all who
overcome will inherit all things. One of the angels who'd had a vial
shows John the Bride, the Lamb's wife: John sees the glorious city, its
12 pearly gates, foundations made of jewels, etc.
|The Tree of Life:
John sees a river, a street, and the tree of life bearing 12 different
fruits. John starts to worship the angel but is told not to, and is
told to reveal what he's been shown. He hears "I come quickly; and my
reward is with me, to give every man according to his works shall be. I
am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last."
The Book ends with these last two verses: "He which testifieth these
things saith, 'Surely I come quickly.' Amen. Even so, come Lord Jesus.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen."